Crashworthiness Simulations Comparing PAM-CRASH and LS-DYNA 2004-01-1174
Finite element models of vehicles have been increasingly used in component design and crashworthiness evaluation. As vehicle finite element models are becoming more sophisticated in terms of their accuracy, robustness, fidelity, and size, the need to compare different FEA codes has become more apparent. In this study, we compare finite element simulations of a 1996 Dodge Neon using LS-DYNA and PAM-CRASH codes with an effort to keep sameness of the material models, meshes and boundary conditions. The original Neon mesh and material properties were developed at the FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center (NCAC) for LS-DYNA and subsequently modified for this study. The comparisons between test data and simulation results of the full-scale vehicle in terms of overall impact deformation, component failure modes, and velocity and acceleration at various locations in the vehicle show good correlations with only minor discrepancy.