Application of Converter Efficiency Simulation Tool for Substrate Design 2004-01-1487
As emissions regulations are becoming more stringent, various efforts to improve emission performance have been carried out in different areas including the honeycomb structure of catalytic converters. This report describes the development of a simulation tool to predict emission performance and simulation results for different cell structures.
The simulation model was developed based on global kinetic chemical reaction model . Having tuned the reaction parameters through a light-off test and estimated oxygen storage capacity through an oxygen storage test, we ultimately tuned the model in a vehicle test (with Bags 1 and 2, FTP 75). As a result, the simulated cumulative tailpipe emissions are within ±25 percent of the test results. Parameter analyses indicate that the amount of emissions decreased as the density of cells increased and that the amount of emissions also decreased the thinner the wall thicknesses were.