Browse Publications Technical Papers 2004-01-1929
2004-06-08

Knock Characteristics and Performance in an SI Engine With Hydrogen and Natural-Gas Blended Fuels 2004-01-1929

Utilizing the desirable feature of hydrogen, this study demonstrates the improvement of engine performance and exhaust emissions due to the mixing of hydrogen into natural-gas fuel in a spark-ignition engine at the wide-open throttle (WOT) condition. Both hydrogen and natural-gas fuels were injected into the intake port only in the suction flow, which could make the operation under a wide range of conditions without backfire even at a hydrogen fuel. Based on the measured processes of combustion, the knock characteristics were discussed with special attention to the extremely high burning velocity of hydrogen. At a higher compression ratio, the thermal efficiency in the stoichiometric condition was improved, nevertheless a precise control of ignition timing was required to suppress a hard knock. From the experimental results of engine performance in a variety of parameters, optimal use of hydrogen was exhibited for different engine loads.

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