Browse Publications Technical Papers 2004-01-1996
2004-06-08

Formulation of a One-Component Fuel Lumping Model to Assess the Effects of Fuel Thermodynamic Properties on Internal Combustion Engine Mixture Preparation and Combustion 2004-01-1996

A lumping model has been formulated to calculate the thermodynamic properties required for internal combustion engine multidimensional computations, including saturation pressure, latent heat of vaporization, liquid density, surface tension, viscosity, etc. This model consists firstly in reducing the analytical data to a single (i.e. pure) pseudo-component characterized by its molecular weight, critical pressure and temperature, and acentric factor. For a gasoline fuel, the required analytical data are those provided by gas chromatography. For a Diesel fuel, the required data are a true boiling point (TBP) distillation curve and the fuel density at a single temperature.
This model provides a valuable tool for studying the effects of fuel physical properties upon the behavior of a vaporizing spray in a chamber, as well as upon direct injection gasoline and Diesel engines using the multidimensional (3D) KMB code. Computations have shown that the vaporization rate may increase up to 13% using a spring gasoline instead of a summer gasoline. Comparisons of engine calculations using the standard KIVA2 DF2 Diesel fuel and the new Diesel lump called DF1 have shown that the mixture preparation, combustion and emissions are affected by the thermodynamic properties used.

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