Computational Fluid Dynamics Study of Air Flow Characteristics in the Columbus Module 2004-01-2500
Ventilation characteristics of the Columbus module are numerically predicted on the basis of the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and Large Eddy Simulation (LES) approaches. Effects of air supply diffuser modeling on computed flow are analyzed. An “effective diffuser” model that considerably reduces the number of computational cells for Columbus CFD ventilation analysis is proposed and tested. The computational models are verified by a comparison with the experimental data available. Special attention is paid to distinctions in fields of the time-averaged absolute velocity magnitude and the whole mean velocity that are due to the contribution of large-scale fluctuations. A technique to evaluate spatial distribution of the time-averaged absolute velocity magnitude using data of RANS steady-state predictions is suggested.