Development of a Retrofit Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit for Truck Idle Reduction 2004-01-2629
In the last five years, there have been multiple demonstrations of fuel cell auxiliary power units (APUs) which provide power in lieu of idling of the main vehicle engine. The Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California Davis has designed and evaluated a retrofitted, proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell APU for powering accessories in heavy-duty truck cabs. The performance objectives for the system were determined based on truck driver feedback and industry design guidelines. The final FC APU system was developed to run for 3 days between refueling at a power output of 1.8 kW. The primary goals were to utilize exclusively commercially available components and to minimize costs. This paper discusses the performance targets, design tradeoffs, and evaluation of the developed system.