Development of a Compression Ignition Heavy Duty Pilot-Ignited Natural Gas Fuelled Engine for Low NOx Emissions 2004-01-2954
A heavy-duty compression ignition engine using EGR and pilot-ignited directly injected natural gas fueling was calibrated for low NOx emissions. A Cummins ISX engine using cooled EGR was fitted with a Westport HPDI™ fuel system and an oxidation catalyst. The base engine hardware was modified to increase EGR rates (up to 40%). The engine, rated at 336 kW (450 hp) and 2236Nm (1650 ft-lbs), was calibrated and tested over steady state and transient test cycles. Steady state testing over the ESC 13-mode test cycle resulted in weighted composite NOx emissions of 0.36 g/bhp-hr and particulate matter emissions of 0.04 g/bhp-hr. Transient testing over the US EPA specified FTP cycle resulted in average NOx emissions of 0.6 g/bhp-hr and PM emissions of 0.03 g/bhp-hr.
Citation: Goudie, D., Dunn, M., Munshi, S., Lyford-Pike, E. et al., "Development of a Compression Ignition Heavy Duty Pilot-Ignited Natural Gas Fuelled Engine for Low NOx Emissions," SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-2954, 2004, https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-2954. Download Citation
D. Goudie, M. Dunn, S. R. Munshi, E. Lyford-Pike, J. Wright, V. Duggal, M. Frailey
Westport Innovations Inc., Cummins Inc., National Renewable Energy Laboratory
2004 Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition