Development of a Magnesium Swing Arm for Motorcycles 2004-32-0048
In order to improve the fuel efficiency and the operating performance of motorcycles, there is a need to reduce their weight. Magnesium, which is the lightest of the various metals currently being used and has a high specific strength, has the potential to satisfy that need. We conducted a study to clarify the weldability and strength characteristics of, and the most suitable surface treatment for, extruded magnesium alloys and rolled magnesium alloys. Based on the stress analysis by the finite element method, we designed a magnesium swing arm and produced the prototype swing arm by pressing hot rolled AZ31 magnesium alloy plates and welding them. The prototype is about 10% lighter and has higher torsional rigidity than a conventional aluminum swing arm.