Behaviour of a Small Two-Stroke Engine with Direct Liquid Injection and Stratified Charge 2004-32-0061
High-pressure liquid fuel injection is a suitable means to get either stratified charge or homogeneous charge for two-stroke engines. This paper shows the development of this solution for a small 50 cm3 engine for light motorcycles. By means of computational fluid dynamics, a combustion chamber suitable for proper fuel distribution in every engine operating condition has been designed. It has been realized, and experimental results confirm its fairly satisfactory behaviour, with good fuel economy, low exhaust emissions and small cycle-to-cycle variation even at light loads. Recent CFD studies indicate how to improve engine geometry to achieve a better stratification stability at partial loads independently on engine speed.