In 1999, the Society of Automotive Engineers established the Fuel Cell Standards Committee (FCSC). The Committee is organized in subcommittees that address issues such as Interface, Hydrogen (H2) Quality, Safety, Performance, Emissions and Fuel Consumption, Recycling and Terminology. Since its inception the SAE/FCSC has published several recommended practices, which have drawn the attention of national and international organizations. These include SAE J2578 (Fuel Cell Vehicle Safety), SAE J2600 (Compressed H2 Surface Vehicle Refueling Devices), and SAE J2594 (Recyclability of Fuel Cell Systems).
The need for having one common grade of hydrogen for all US commercial hydrogen-refueling stations for FCVs was the reason to establish the H2 Quality Task Force (HQTF) in late 2003. At the present time there is no representative US-national or international standard addressing the quality of hydrogen fuel that is acceptable for fuel cell vehicles. Although the existing ISO standard 14687 was originally addressing PEM fuel cell vehicles, currently it is deemed by the industry as unsuitable and the document is amended by referring the readers to the new Technical Specification under development. As a result the mission of the HQTF is to ultimately develop a standard for commercial hydrogen fuel quality for H2 powered PEM fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). In the interim several H2 quality guidelines will be generated serving the immediate needs of demonstration PEM FCVs.
The purpose of this technical report is to provide an overview of the HQTF status of activities and to share its progress to date with the fuel cell industry.
Citation: Papasavva*, S., Sloane, C., Wagner, F., Steele, M. et al., "Developing Hydrogen (H2) Specification Guidelines for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-0011, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-0011. Download Citation
Stella Papasavva*, Chris Sloane, Fred Wagner, Mike Steele, Gerald Voecks, Ron Sims, Jim Ohi, Douglas Wheeler, Anthony Androsky, William Collins, Shahid Siddiqui, Silvia Wessel, Justin Ward, Richard Rocheleau, Robert Boyd, Jesse Schneider, Walt Podolski, Patrick Serfass, David Schmick, Tony Estrada, Prentiss Searles, Hidenori Tomioka
General Motors Corp., NREL
SAE 2005 World Congress & Exhibition
Applications of Fuel Cells in Vehicles-SP-1965, SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Engines-V114-3