Lean and Rich Premixed Compression Ignition Combustion in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2005-01-0166
Lean Premixed Compression Ignition (PCI) low-temperature combustion promises to simultaneously reduce NOx and PM emissions, while suffering a moderate penalty in fuel consumption. Similarly, opportunities exist to develop rich PCI combustion strategies which can provide the necessary exhaust constituents for aggressive regeneration of a Lean NOx Trap (LNT). The current work highlights the development of lean and rich PCI combustion strategies. It is shown that the lean PCI combustion strategy successfully operates with low NOx and PM, at the expense of a 5% increase in fuel consumption over conventional diesel operation. The rich PCI combustion strategy similarly operates with low NOx and PM, and produces enough CO (up to 5% by volume in exhaust) for aggressive regeneration of an LNT.
Timothy J. Jacobs, Stanislav V. Bohac, Dennis N. Assanis, Patrick G. Szymkowicz
University of Michigan, GM R&D and Planning
SAE 2005 World Congress & Exhibition
Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Combustion on CD-ROM from the SAE 2005 World Congress-SP-1982CD, Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Combustion 2005-SP-1963, SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Engines-V114-3