A Study on New Combustion Method of High Compression Ratio Spark Ignition Engine 2005-01-0240
A new combustion method of high compression ratio SI engine was studied and proposed in order to achieve higher thermal efficiency of SI engine comparable to that of CI engine. Compression ratio of SI engine is generally restricted by the knocking phenomena. A combustion chamber profile and a cranking mechanism are studied to avoid knocking with high compression ratio. Since reducing the end-gas temperature will suppress knocking, a combustion chamber was considered to have a wide surface at the end-gas region. However, wide surface will lead to high heat loss, which may cancel the gain of higher compression ratio operation. Thereby, a special cranking mechanism was adopted which allowed the piston to move rapidly near TDC. Numerical simulations were performed to optimize the cranking mechanism for achieving higher thermal efficiency. An elliptic gear system and a leaf-shape gear system were employed in the simulations. A knocking index number was calculated to verify the effect for the new concept. As a result, this concept can be operated at the compression ratio of 14 using regular gasoline. A new single cylinder engine was designed and built for proving its performance. The experimental results show that a knocking limit has apparently improved and better indicated thermal efficiency has been obtained. Finally the indicated thermal efficiency has improved approximately 8% in the limited condition in the case of compression ratio of 12 by realizing this concept.