Browse Publications Technical Papers 2005-01-0333

Optimizing the Magnesium Die Casting Process to Achieve Reliability in Automotive Applications 2005-01-0333

High pressure die casting is characterized by rapid die filling and subsequent rapid cooling of the molten metal in the die. These characteristics are favourable for magnesium die casting alloys. The high cooling rate favours the formation of a fine dendrite and grain structure, which in turn leads to substantial hardening; this refinement also provides improved ductility.
Since the cooling rate of the metal is highly dependent on both the process parameters and the geometry of the part, the three-dimensional flexibility associated with the latter factor means that the cooling rate cannot be uniform. This cooling rate difference in turn can lead to some variation in the mechanical properties between geometrically different portions of a die cast component. This variation is an inherent property of the material, in contrast to casting defects like microporosity, non-metallic inclusions, filling defects, and formation of hot cracks. The mechanical properties of the casting are also affected by the pre-solidification of metal in the shot sleeve.
In the present paper the correlation between the thermal conditions in the process and the resulting microstructure and mechanical properties in the casting is discussed.


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