Early Detection of Rollovers with Associated Test Development 2005-01-0737
A number of studies, using data from NASS-CDS, have shown a large percentage of rollover crashes can be classified as tripped events. In many cases, the requirements for a tripped rollover detection algorithm are driven by the timely activation of an occupant containment device. To meet these requirements rollover detection algorithms have been developed by utilizing vehicle roll rate, lateral and vertical accelerations data collected primarily from laboratory tests.
This study identifies and examines several challenges associated with developing a rollover detection algorithm with enhanced capabilities. Enhancement of the detection algorithm is explored by considering additional vehicle responses: forward velocity and sideslip angle. With the additional signals, discrimination of rollover crashes from other crash modes is discussed. Potential field/laboratory test modes are proposed to generate the additional vehicle signals. The new test modes are designed to challenge the detection algorithm, better represent field conditions and be used in development of strategies for occupant restraint system devices.