The Influence of a Horizontal Pressure Distribution on Aerodynamic Drag in Open and Closed Wind Tunnels 2005-01-0867
The influence on aerodynamic drag of a non-uniform, streamwise pressure distribution over the wake of an automobile model in both open-jet and closed-jet wind tunnels is considered in this paper. It has long been an unsolved issue in the theory of open-jet interference and is usually not important in closed-wall wind tunnels unless the model is very long. A new, semi-empirical approach is presented that is based on the observation that the drag changes due to a pressure gradient over a wake correlate with the empty-test-section pressure-coefficient difference between the base of the vehicle and the position of wake closure. A method is demonstrated that is able to remove the effect of the pressure gradient and that is not buoyancy related. This method is applied to a range of simplified and detailed automobile shapes at model scale and at full scale in various wind tunnels, as well as to normal flat plates. The paper presents a revision of previous approaches to the estimation of nozzle and collector blockage. Finally, and most importantly, the paper demonstrates that the differences measured between configurations in a wind tunnel with a gradient over the wake will be in error unless a correction is made for the wake distortion induced by the gradient.
Citation: Mercker, E., Cooper, K., Fischer, O., and Wiedemann, J., "The Influence of a Horizontal Pressure Distribution on Aerodynamic Drag in Open and Closed Wind Tunnels," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-0867, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-0867. Download Citation
E. Mercker, K. R. Cooper, O. Fischer, J. Wiedemann
University of Stuttgart (IVK/FKFS), Germany
SAE 2005 World Congress & Exhibition
SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars: Mechanical Systems-V114-6, Vehicle Aerodynamics 2005-SP-1931