Deactivation of TWC as a Function of Oil Ash Accumulation - A Parameter Study 2005-01-1097
The oil ash accumulation on modern three way catalyst (TWC) as well as its influence on catalyst deactivation is evaluated as a parameter of oil consumption, kind of oil additive compound and additive concentration. The oil ash accumulation is characterized by XRF and SEM/EDX in axial direction and into the washcoat depth of the catalyst. The deposition patterns of Ca, Mg, P and Zn are discussed. The catalytic activity of the vehicle and engine bench aged catalysts is measured by performing model gas tests and vehicle tests, respectively. The influence of oil ash accumulation on the lifetime emission behavior of the vehicle is discussed.