The Effects of Head Padding in Rear Facing Child Restraints 2005-01-1839
Child restraint head padding is designed for the child's comfort under normal use. Under vehicle crash conditions, however, the padding in a rear facing child restraint may not be designed to sufficiently absorb impact energy. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the effects of various head padding conditions in rear facing child restraints in frontal impacts. Five sled tests were performed to measure the response of a CRABI 12 month dummy to different padding conditions in a rear facing child restraint. Static loading tests were performed on the padding materials. Results show that using padding of low stiffness increases head acceleration and HIC15 values.