Investigation of the Allowable Amount of Hydrogen Leakage Upon Collision 2005-01-1885
To determine the appropriateness of specifying the allowable amount of hydrogen leakage upon collision based on the amount of leakage with generated heat equivalent to that of gasoline vehicles and CNG vehicles, we investigated the safety of each type of fuel when flame ignites. Our results confirm that the flame lengths for hydrogen and methane are almost equal, and there is no remarkable difference between them in terms of the distance for assuring safety. Furthermore, we confirmed that the irradiant heat flux from the mixed burning of hydrogen flame with liquid flammable materials is almost equal to that of the spray flame of gasoline. Thus, no clear difference was found between various types of fuel. Therefore, it is appropriate to specify the allowable amount of hydrogen leakage based on the amount of leakage with generated heat equivalent to that of other types of fuel.