Balancing Thermodynamic and Aerodynamic Attributes Through the Use of a Common CFD Model 2005-01-2052
This paper describes how simultaneous numerical simulation of cooling performance and aerodynamic drag can be used to achieve attribute-balanced solutions. Traditionally at Volvo, evaluation of cooling performance and aerodynamics are done by separate teams using separate models and software. However, using this approach, any project changes can be evaluated in terms of their effect on cooling performance and drag from one single model. This enables the project to make decisions that are optimal in a more global perspective. If several proposals have similar levels of cooling performance, the proposal that yields the lowest overall drag can be chosen, thus reducing the fuel consumption of the vehicle.
The first part of the paper discusses the prerequisites for the method in terms of boundary conditions, mesh and solution strategy. For the cooling performance part, the importance of high quality boundary conditions is reviewed. To capture drag with a reasonable level of confidence, the boundary layer treatment needs to be addressed.
In the second part, the methodology is applied to a Volvo S60R. Four configurations are investigated using the developed methodology. The capability of the method to produces results suitable for attribute balancing is clearly demonstrated.