The Effects of Spray Angle and Piston Bowl Shape on Diesel Engine Soot Emissions Using 3-D CFD Simulation 2005-01-2117
In an HSDI Diesel engine, fuel can be injected to the combustion chamber earlier as a strategy to reduce NOx and soot emissions. However, in the case of early injection the in-cylinder pressure and temperature during injection are much lower than those of normal injection conditions. As a result, wall impingement can occur if the conventional spray angle and piston bowl shape are maintained. In this study, 3-D CFD simulation was used to modify the spray angle of the injector and the piston bowl shape so that wall impingement was minimized, and soot emissions were reduced. The wall impingement model was used to simulate the behavior of impinged droplets. In order to predict the performance and emissions of the engine, a flamelet combustion model with the kinetic chemical mechanism for NOx and soot was used. A reduction in soot emissions was achieved with the modification of the spray angle and piston bowl shape.