Friction-Induced Vibrations of Window Sealing Systems 2005-01-2540
The problem of squealing from vehicle windows opened or closed in partly wet conditions has been investigated. Experiments were conducted using a glass-run seal sample and a tangentially moving glass piece installed on a test bench. The instantaneous velocity of the glass was measured along with the total dynamic frictional force for varying normal static loads and sprayed-water distributions. The characteristics of squeal vibrations and the influence of normal load and water distribution are discussed. The relation between friction force and speed was also investigated. An idealized model consisting of a one-dimensional continuous rod excited by a moving frictional point force was then investigated. The method of averaging was applied to solve the nonlinear equations of motion. The response became unstable when the magnitude of the negative slope and the normal force were large regardless of boundary conditions. Frequency jumps appeared in the numerical simulations due to the variation of the modal amplitudes according to the position of the contact force on the rod. The model provided an adequate qualitative description of many of the trends observed in the experiments.