The Effects of Body Joint Designs on Liftgate Chucking Performance 2005-01-2541
Liftgate chucking is one of the major squeak and rattle concerns for vehicles with a large body closure opening in the liftgate area. High frequency chucking noise is generated as a result of the contact between the latch and striker of a liftgate. Traditionally, liftgate chucking problems (if present) are found and fixed by using a more robust latch/striker mechanism at a very late design stage that normally results in cost penalties for vehicle programs. Significant effort has been made at Ford in identifying and clarifying up-front drivers or body performance metrics that predominantly influence downstream squeak and rattle sensitivity. Two key body performance metrics (diagonal distortions at the liftgate opening and relative displacement between the latch and striker of a liftgate) are found to affect liftgate chucking sensitivity. The effects of body joint designs on liftgate chucking performance are discussed using these metrics in CAE analyses. A joint design that balances performance, weight and cost is identified in the process.