Mobile Pressurized Laboratory Design Study 2005-01-3051
Based on a preliminary study for a Mobile Pressurized Laboratory made during the European Mars Mission Architecture Study conducted for ESA, a further design development of the laboratory and interior functional layout is planned. This includes volume optimization, wheel system and geometry, interior layout and functional zoning, airlock placement and ergonomics, radiation protection, ergonomic detailing of habitation functions like sleep, kitchen, hygiene, ergonomics of work environment for driver, glove box, laboratory and storage systems and spatial flexibility and adaptability. The Mobile Pressurized Laboratory (MPL) as shown in figure 1 is envisaged for the exploration of the Martian surface. The MPL may also be used as a safe haven in emergency. The vehicle's normal complement is two astronauts and they may perform surface excursions lasting up to 20 Sol over distances of up to 500 km. In the safe haven mode the MPL can accommodate six astronauts for a period of up to 7 Sol.