Browse Publications Technical Papers 2005-01-3134
2005-02-01

An Experimental and Predictive Evaluation of Unsteady Gas Flow through Automotive Catalyst Elements 2005-01-3134

The incorporation of one-dimensional simulation codes within engine modelling applications has proved to be a useful tool in evaluating unsteady gas flow through elements in the exhaust system. This paper reports on an experimental and theoretical investigation into the behaviour of unsteady gas flow through catalyst substrate elements. A one-dimensional (1-D) catalyst model has been incorporated into a 1-D simulation code to predict this behaviour.
Experimental data was acquired using a ‘single pulse’ test rig. Substrate samples were tested under ambient conditions in order to investigate a range of regimes experienced by the catalyst during operation. This allowed reflection and transmission characteristics to be quantified in relation to both geometric and physical properties of substrate elements. Correlation between measured and predicted results is demonstrably good and the model provides an effective analysis tool for evaluating unsteady gas flow through different catalytic converter designs.

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