In the future, it will be possible to manufacture very small, robust machines, which may be attached to the surface of a wing allowing the classic boundary condition of “no-slip” to be altered at will. It is also possible that the heat transfer through the wing surface can be controlled. This paper reports an investigation into the possible benefits to aerodynamics that will occur if such machines become available. It is found that imposing an isothermal wing surface can increase the lift drag ratio of wing at transonic cruise and allowing slip at the surface can have the same effect. Both these effects are additive. It is found that control of heat transfer on a wing at hypersonic wing can act as a control device, comparable to that due a moderate flap deflection.