Stochastic Modeling of Terrain Profiles and Soil Parameters 2005-01-3559
One fundamental difficulty in understanding the physics of the off-road traction and in predicting vehicle performance is the variability of the terrain profile and soil parameters. These operating conditions are uniquely defined at a given spatial location and a given time. It is not practically feasible, however, to measure them at a sufficiently large number of points to be able to accurately represent the terrain in models. This renders traditional analysis tools insufficient when dealing with rough deformable terrain.
We employ stochastic analysis to capture the uncertain nature of this running support and the corresponding vehicle response. From a finite number of observations the terrain profile and soil properties can be modeled as random processes, with the actual operating conditions viewed as a particular realization of these processes. Soil parameters vary substantially from one type of soil to another. Moreover, for the same soil type, the parameters change with environmental conditions difficult to predict, for example the moisture content. Such uncertain soil parameters are modeled in this study as uniform or normal distributed random variables.