Low Pressure Distillation for Generating Fuels with Improved Cold-Start Characteristics 2005-01-3865
A low pressure fuel distillation system is proposed for extracting a high-volatility fraction of gasoline, and to improve start-up and warm-up behavior of SI engines. More complicated methods for generating high-volatility start-up fuels have demonstrated improved cold start driveability and reduced HC emissions, but so far they have not been put into mass production.
In this project, a ‘bench-top’ apparatus was used to investigate the feasibility of using sub-atmospheric pressures to extract a lighter and more volatile fraction from the parent gasoline. A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of the extracted fuel vapor as a function of temperature and pressure. The sensitivity to different brands and grades of gasoline was also explored. The results show that the extracted fuel consists mostly of C5 and C6 compounds, and that its Molecular Weight and Stoichiometric A/F ratio show little sensitivity to the pressure level used for the extraction.