Browse Publications Technical Papers 2005-01-3989
2005-11-22

Detailed Study of Ethanol In-cylinder Combustion Behavior by means of a Numerical Virtual Engine Model Approach 2005-01-3989

The paper presents a study made to define the optimal parameter configuration, which enables the mixture preparation, and ignition systems to perform a low-temperature engine start by pure ethanol fuelling without misfiring or failure.
A numerical virtual engine, simulating the behavior of a real small displacement 8 valves passenger car engine, is set up to describe and understand the physical phenomena of mixture preparation, spatial and temporal in-cylinder mixture distribution and the ignition/combustion events.
The complex phenomena, which govern the gas flow patterns and mixture formation in the intake port and the combustion chamber are particularly analyzed during low-temperature engine cranking. Furthermore is discussed the influence of open and closed valve injection modes.
The paper concludes with a presentation of some experimental results obtained from the real engine test rig as well as the complete parameter list, which enables an optimization of the engine layout to achieve a further step below the 10° C threshold of low temperature pure ethanol start performance.

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