Characteristics of PMHS Lumbar Motion Segments in Lateral Shear 2005-22-0017
The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of eighteen lumbar spine motion segments subjected to lateral shear forces under quasi-static (0.5 mm/s) and dynamic (500 mm/s) test conditions. The quasi-static test was also performed on the lumbar spine of a side impact anthropomorphic test device, the EuroSID-2 (ES-2). In the quasi-static tests, the maximum force before disc-endplate separation in the PMHS lumbar motion segments was 1850 ± 612 N, while the average linear stiffness of PMHS lumbar motion segments was 323 ± 126 N/mm. There was a statistically significant difference between the quasi-static (1850 ± 612 N) and dynamic (2616 ± 1151 N) maximum shear forces. The ES-2 lumbar spine (149 N/mm) was more compliant than the PMHS lumbar segments under the quasi-static test condition.
Srini Sundararajan, Priya Prasad, Stephen W. Rouhana, Constantine K. Demetropoulos, King H. Yang, Albert I. King, Lutz -P. Nolte
Ford Motor Company
49th Stapp Car Crash Conference
Stapp Car Crash Journal Vol. 49, 2005-P-394