Side Impact Response Corridors for the Rigid Flat-Wall and Offset-Wall Side Impact Tests of NHTSA Using the ISO Method of Corridor Development 2005-22-0019
The purpose of this paper is to compare the biofidelity rating schemes of ISO/TR9790 and the NHTSA Bio Rank System. This paper describes the development of new impact response corridors being proposed for ISO/TR9790 from the results of a recent series of side-impact sled tests. The response data were analyzed by methods consistent with ISO/TR9790, including normalization by impulse-momentum analysis and the elimination of subjects that sustained six or more rib fractures. Unlike ISO/TR9790, this paper proposes the elimination of the data from tests in which the timing and the sequence of loading of the individual impact plates were inconsistent compared to other tests conducted with the same impact wall configuration. As a result of differences in the analysis methods, data selection criteria, and the method of corridor construction, the impact response corridors proposed here are different from those developed by NHTSA, despite the fact that both sets of corridors were developed from the same series of sled tests. Responses of the ES-2 and ES-2re side impact dummies are compared to both sets of corridors. The response corridors developed in this paper are proposed as an addition to and not a replacement for those given in the 1999 revision of ISO/TR9790.