Browse Publications Technical Papers 2006-01-0046
2006-04-03

Future Potential and Development Methods for High Output Turbocharged Direct Injected Gasoline Engines 2006-01-0046

With rising gasoline prices in the US the need for increasingly fuel efficient powertrain concepts has never been more critical. Evaluation of the market on the other hand shows that the vehicle-buying consumer is unwilling to compromise engine power output for this needed fuel efficiency. Boosted, direct-injected gasoline engines with high specific output and low end torque seem to be the most logical path to satisfying both good part load fuel economy and generous power and torque characteristics.
Turbo lag and subsequent lack of torque during transient acceleration (with low initial engine speeds) are characteristics of current turbocharged gasoline engines. These phenomena have prevented successful penetration of these boosted powertrains into the marketplace. Larger displacement, naturally aspirated gasoline engines have been the preferred choice. The combination of turbocharging with direct-injection in a gasoline engine can significantly improve low end torque and transient behavior, potentially serving as the key to successful introduction of real downsized engine concepts into the US market.

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