The Influence of the Bauschinger Effect on Springback Prediction for Dual Phase Steel 2006-01-0145
Springback is one of the main concerns in sheet metal forming with the increased use of advanced high strength steels, among which dual phase steels are gaining popularity. Although finite element analysis (FEA) has been successfully used in simulating complicated forming processes, it is difficult to accurately predict springback due to certain complex material behaviors such as the non-linear recovery behavior. In this study, the tension-unloading-reloading (TUR) test and XRD analysis have been employed to investigate non-linear recovery through Bauschinger Effect (BE) measurement at different pre-strain levels. The results demonstrated that dual phase steels exhibited the strong BE. The FEA simulation of springback prediction in the deep-draw bending test showed that the simulation accuracy was significantly improved by incorporating the Bauschinger effect.