An Experimental and Modeling Based Investigation into Post Fuel Injection Vapor Generation 2006-01-0492
Bench fuel injection experiments were performed to investigate the levels of generated fuel vapor immediately after fuel injection into a closed vessel. A synthetic fuel mixture was used consisting of six individual fuel components that are representative of gasoline. Vessel (e.g. port) temperature and pressure were varied, as well as sample location and sample delay time after injection. Vessel vapor space samples were collected and processed in a gas chromatograph in order to quantify the contribution to the fuel vapor by the various fuel components. Companion modeling was performed in order to evaluate two fuel vapor mixture preparation models (Raoult's Law and NIST's SUPERTRAPP). Results indicate that approximately 1/6 to 1/3 of the injected fuel mass is in the vapor form immediately after fuel injection (as a function of temperature). SUPERTRAPP modeling indicates that the injected fuel mass is approximately in equilibrium with 6% of the available air. Raoult's Law could not be adapted to use this small fraction of air in equilibrium with the injected fuel and thus, could not provide useful mixture preparation modeling.