A Radial-Ply Tire's Three-Dimensional Transmissibility Analysis 2006-01-0498
A nonlinear finite element passenger car radial-ply tire model was developed to investigate a tire's three-dimensional transmissibility in the X, Y, and Z directions. The reaction forces of the tire axle in longitudinal (X axis), lateral (Y axis), and vertical (Z axis) directions were recorded when the tire encountered a cleat, and then the FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) algorithm was applied to extract tire's transient response information in the frequency domain. The result showed that this passenger car tire has clear peaks at 47-51 and 91-92 Hz longitudinal, 41-45 Hz lateral, and 80-83Hz vertical. An analytical rigid ring model was also formulated, based on the dynamic equations of the rigid ring tire model. The characteristic equations were obtained and solved for eigenvalues and eigenvectors, which represent tire's free vibration natural frequencies and mode shapes. Both approaches' results were validated against several previous studies by theoretical, numerical, or experimental methods and showed excellent agreement.