Transient Engine Model as a Tool for Predictive Control 2006-01-0659
The paper describes the tool of ICE transient response simulation suitable for incorporation into a predictive engine controller. The model is simplified, thus enhancing the simulation speed but keeping its predictive capability at a reasonable level. The main modules of a code suitable for the near-real-time simulation of engine thermodynamics are described in the paper. They include engine cylinder (incl. simplified pressure trace prediction), fuel injection system, main controllers, both inlet and exhaust manifolds, turbocharger and engine dynamics. The laws of conservation are used to describe any of the thermodynamic/hydrodynamic modules of a model. The method of algebraic re-construction of a pressure trace inside a cylinder has been developed and tested for prediction of engine speed variation. The modular structure of a model allows for the implementation of the current operating principles of ICEs.
The paper presents an application of simulation to a CI turbocharged engine and its comparison to experimental results. The predicted and measured engine pressure traces are compared, as well. The model has been used for training a predictive control algorithm and tested at some typical transient modes of operation.