Browse Publications Technical Papers 2006-01-0682
2006-04-03

The Influence of Pelvis Design on the Lateral Pelvic Impact Response of the Polar-II Pedestrian Dummy 2006-01-0682

Previous studies utilizing the Polar-II pedestrian dummy have suggested the need for a more biofidelic pelvis design in order to improve the overall dummy response kinematics. The current Polar-II dummy pelvis is a rigid steel structure. A preliminary version of a modified deformable pelvis equipped with sensors for measuring internal deflection and load has been designed. The goal of this study was to assess the biofidelity of these two pelves in full-scale tests with the Polar-II dummy that mimic lateral pelvic impact tests on PMHS (post-mortem human subjects) reported in the literature. The force - time, deflection - time, and force - deflection histories were compared to new PMHS response corridors determined using a normalization technique. In all tests with both pelves, the initial response (i.e., the first 3 ms to 5 ms following initial dummy - impactor contact) appeared to be totally determined by the mechanical behavior of the flesh. The response beyond the first 3 ms to 5 ms was instead influenced by the characteristics of both the flesh and the underlying pelvic structure. Overall, the modified pelvis demonstrated a more biofidelic impact response than its predecessor.

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