Authenticity of FE Modeling for Fatigue Assessment of Welds in Automotive Structures 2006-01-0772
MIG (Metal Inert Gas or Gas Metal Arc welding) and spot welding are the most common way of joining steel components in automotive body, and frame structures. The main design benefits of MIG welding are however the ability to join the parts with single side access and the reduction or elimination of flanges. Different finite element based methodologies exist for predicting the durability of welds. These methodologies are being used in the automotive industry to resolve potential and current durability issues in spot and MIG welded steel components and also to reduce expensive testing practices. However, the analysis results highly depend on the finite element modeling and the accuracy of weld data. This paper briefly describes some of the lessons learned while applying the weld life prediction technology for MIG and spot welds in automotive steel structural components.