Effect of Biodiesel Fuel Properties and Its Blends on Atomization 2006-01-0893
Biodiesels are promising alternatives to diesel fuel since they are biodegradable, non-toxic and reduce air pollution. This study presents analytical comparisons of atomization characteristics of 3 types of biodiesels and 6 blends with Diesel No. 2. Results showed that the smallest and largest drop sizes were associated with coconut and peanut biodiesel blends, respectively. Using unblended biodiesels increases drop size by 40%, which indicates either custom nozzles should be used in such applications or blending is required to reduce surface tension and viscosity to enhance atomization. Knowledge of atomization of pure biodiesel and its blends as alternative fuels in diesel engines can lead to better design of diesel engine injectors to meet regulatory emission guidelines and engine performance.