Dynamic Response of End-Release Buckles to Floor Anchor Impulses 2006-01-0915
The increasing prominence of end-release buckles in automotive restraint systems has been accompanied by criticisms that they are susceptible to inertial unlatching in collisions due to transfer of vertical impulses from the vehicle body or chassis through the buckle stalk to the buckle. It has been asserted that the accelerations imparted to the buckle are significantly amplified relative to the initial input to the vehicle body or chassis.
In this study, a test procedure was developed to measure the in-situ dynamic response of restraint system buckles to vertical impulse. The procedure was used to evaluate buckle assembly response to impulses input at, or near, the buckle stalk floor anchors in several vehicles. The advantage of this technique over full-scale drop testing and component-level shock table impacts is that the desired response information may be acquired in-situ without damage to the vehicle.
The results of this study indicate that the response of the tested buckle assemblies is similar to that of a typical second-order system, with damping sufficient to attenuate (filter) shock-induced loads transferred to the buckle.