Catalyst Diagnostics Using Adaptive Control System Parameters 2006-01-1070
An integrated model-based three-way catalyst control and diagnostic monitoring system is described which has the potential for improved health discrimination while also significantly reducing the calibration burden. The catalyst is modeled as a simple limited integrator with an adaptive integral gain. The adaptive gain, used in the control system, is also used as a diagnostic metric since (among other variables) it reflects the catalyst oxygen storage capacity and hence the health of the system. The method has been applied to a 4.6 liter ULEV II gasoline engine, and tested over an EPA Federal Test Procedure drive cycle with a number of differently aged catalysts. Preliminary results are encouraging, and show that the method is able to discriminate between the catalysts, even those with similar age near the OBD threshold.