The Risk Posed to Vehicle Occupants and Rescue Personnel by Dual-Fuelled Vehicles Fitted with Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) Tanks 2006-01-1274
In recent years in the United Kingdom, dual-fuelled vehicles incorporating Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) have become more prevalent, as there are the perceived benefits of reduced fuelling costs, whilst also reducing the harmful emissions that effect air quality and climate change.
In 2001, over 75,000 vehicles were registered as being powered by LPG and it is estimated that nearly 250,000 conversions were made to UK cars by the end of 2004. It is considered that the world population of such vehicles is in the order of 5 million vehicles, 2 million of which are being driven within EU countries.1
This paper will therefore examine the incidence of car fires in the area covered by Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service (HWFRS) in the UK. The data was used to establish the travel time for fire pumps to such incidents, the amount of time those units were detained at the scene and the possible cause of the fires themselves. Case studies of vehicles converted to take LPG are cited to illustrate the risk presented to both vehicle occupants and rescue crews.
Citation: Sproat, R., Hassan, A., Waldie, A., Jay, G. et al., "The Risk Posed to Vehicle Occupants and Rescue Personnel by Dual-Fuelled Vehicles Fitted with Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) Tanks," SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-1274, 2006, https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-01-1274. Download Citation
R. Sproat, A. M. Hassan, A. Waldie, G. Jay, D. Holland
University of Birmingham, Hereford & Worcester Fire & Rescue Service