Shear Fracture in Advanced High Strength Steels 2006-01-1433
Significant efforts are underway in the automotive industry to reduce vehicle weight while maintaining performance and cost competitiveness. One such effort is the use of advanced high strength steels (AHSS) as the primary body materials method to meet weight targets using the existing automotive manufacturing infrastructure. Issues related to the stamping of AHSS are well known, and significant hurdles still exist for successful implementation. Due to material strength and mechanical behavior, springback is a major hurdle in forming AHSS. While working to form AHSS parts and reduce springback, press shops have encountered a new fracture type. The term shear fracture or local elongation has been loosely used to specify these fractures, which occur at part radii under low strains in multiphase AHSS. These fractures cause design limitations and manufacturing uncertainty. This paper will address the material influence on shear fracture during forming advanced high strength steels and possible solutions for the successful implementation of high strength steel products for vehicle light-weighting.