A Systematic Analysis of CO2-Reduction by an Optimized Heat Supply during Vehicle Warm-up 2006-01-1450
A transient 1D-network simulation model of the relevant power train components and fluid circuits of a state-of-the art passenger car has been developed, including engine, gearbox, coolant, motor oil and gearbox oil circuit. A system analysis was conducted to identify the subsystems of the vehicle where thermal intervention was expected to have major influence on fuel consumption during warm-up. Variable heat flows have been applied to those subsystems in the simulation model and their influence on the NEDC fuel consumption has been evaluated. The results show the potential fuel reduction effects of heat management measures on the respective system components with a special emphasis on the component interaction. A sensitivity study of variable heat distribution among the subsystems of the vehicle shows the optimization potentials of heat management measures. The results from the numerical simulation have been validated in an experimental setup.