Transient Conjugate CFD Simulation of the Radiator Thermal Cycle 2006-01-1577
Demand for a high thermal performance heat exchanger with good durability in a small packaging space can be very challenging. For the durability testing, the typical thermal cycle test in the lab with the fixed temperature cycles can be very time consuming and costly. In order to shorten the product development time and cost, CAE tools have been explored for the radiator thermal cycle simulation. Due to the nature of the most common failure mode, it is imperative to develop reliable methodologies so that the transient temperature, stress, and corresponding fatigue life for the product can be predicted. This paper focuses on the prediction of the metal temperature during the radiator thermal cycle using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with conjugate heat transfer. To verify the developed temperature prediction method in CFD, thermal cycle tests were performed for three radiator samples. The test procedure and some of the test results are reviewed. The transient conjugate CFD analysis was performed using STAR-CD and the simulation results were compared with the test data.