Study on Structural Lightweight of Key Auto-Body Parts in Energy Absorption Based on Crashworthiness Simulation 2006-01-1634
It has been the core problem in the automotive industry to realize vehicle lightweight, fuel economy and environmental protection. Weight reduction of body structure is playing a rather important role in lightening of a full vehicle. This paper presents the study, from the point of view of safety, of the structural lightweight of the front side rail and radiator support of a new multi-purpose vehicle (MPV). Frontal crash simulation is performed and comparison is shown with original crashworthiness performance of full vehicle, in deformed shape of parts, force response, original absorbed energy of full vehicle and deceleration of a key point in A-pillar. The study verifies the feasibility of this lightweight scheme, which is an exploration in the study on structural lightweight of auto-body and may offer a referential experience for the future work. Achieved weight reductions of the front side rail and radiator support are 9.11% and 22.88%, respectively.