Heat Pipe Heat Exchanger with Two Levels of Isolation for Environmental Control of Manned Spacecraft Crew Compartment 2006-01-2163
Current environmental control thermal management systems use a two-loop, two-exchanger arrangement to isolate the crew from potentially hazardous ammonia or Freon in the final heat reject loop. Although that method does provide isolation, it is not fault-tolerant and does not provide advance warning of an exchanger leak. A heat pipe heat exchanger under development improves the existing system by providing two levels of isolation between the fluid streams. The new heat exchanger is fault-tolerant and can provide advance warning of a leak. Described are the heat exchanger design, test results from a sub-scale exchanger segment, and the results of a design optimization and trade study.