Browse Publications Technical Papers 2006-01-2530
2006-11-21

A Decade of Brazilian Legislation Regarding Pass-by Noise 2006-01-2530

An effective program for external noise reduction of vehicles was firstly established in Brazil by an agreement between ANFAVEA and CETESB in the beginning of last decade. IBAMA worked this proposition and published in 1993 the first CONAMA Resolution, including the pass-by noise limits and the deadlines to satisfy the new sound pressure levels. Since then, CONAMA is responsible for this subject. In 2001 lower levels were imposed, similar to those existing in Europe, with 2006 as the deadline for all vehicle families. The paper describes and gives and overview of the procedures, the acoustic technologies and improvements developed to achieve, in two steps, the new limits, mainly for commercial vehicles, like heavy trucks {from 92 dB(A) to 80 dB(A)} and passenger cars {from 84 dB(A) to 74 dB(A)}. We enumerate also the non-acoustic problems solved, for instance the thermal problems, due to the acoustic barriers applied to reduce pass-by noise. In addition we discuss and comment the future perspectives: the new version of ISO 362, changing test conditions and mesurement procedures; test pavements; the sources and their ranking; the acoustic parameter used for evaluation and the complementar aspect of pass-by and stationary noises. We comment some preliminary results concerning the use of the new proposed standard.

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