Aircraft Battery Design Concept for Improved Ultra Low Temperature Performance 2006-01-3081
The AFRL, Electrochemistry and Thermal Sciences Branch has evaluated numerous aircraft battery designs and chemistries since the 1960s. Recent experiments on advanced battery chemistries have shown poor performance at ultra low temperatures below −20° C. Aircraft battery designs stress low weight and volume and maximum capacity. One design concept uses lower capacity cells in a series parallel configuration to reduce overall battery resistance and should also improve ultra low temperature performance. Our organization has begun experiments with series-parallel cell designs to evaluate the concept and to solve low temperature performance issues. Progress, observations on the effect of different chemistries, and the impact on aircraft battery characteristics are discussed.