Effect of Lubricant Properties and Lubricant Degradation on Piston Ring and Cylinder Bore Wear in a Spark-Ignition Engine 2006-01-3413
A radiotracer method was developed to measure real-time wear rates of piston rings and cylinder bores in spark-ignition engines. Initial work determined baseline wear rates during break-in and steady-state operating conditions. This work examines the effects of lubricant properties on wear rates of the ring/bore interface. Results show that engine oil service classification, the level of antiwear additives, severe engine aging, synthetic formulations, and viscosity classification have little or no impact on wear rates. These results suggest that concerns of wear between the rings and cylinder bore may not be a roadblock to extended oil-change intervals. Engine operation under cold temperatures appears to be a very important factor in ring/bore wear.