Optimal Configuration of Two-Element Airfoil Constrained in a Rectangular Space 2006-01-3642
When a two-element airfoil for the wing of a racecar has to be inside a rectangle space dictated by regulations or dictated by the available space, the ratio of the flap chord length to the main element chord length, the overlap and gap sizes between the main element and the flap are design parameters, besides the element shapes. To find the configuration for the high downforce-to-drag ratio, CFD simulations were performed in 2D using the FX63-137 airfoil for both the main element and the flap. Some important findings are that the flap chord length should be 50 to 70% of the main element chord length to achieve the high lift-to-drag ratio. This finding will help design better two-element wings.